Liposuction can be done almost for any area- there are minor differences in technique depending on anatomical variations. Some commonly operated areas are discussed here.What is important to know is that whatever be the area, results depend on the amount of fat taken out safely. All side effects reported have happened when large amounts are taken out; we do not cross 5-6 litres, even if patients demand and therefore we have never faced any major side effects.
The abdomen is one of the most sought after areas both in men and women. This is a large area and is often associated with pendulous sagging. In women, there may be a lot of stretch marks, operation scars after caesarean section, sagging skin resulting previous pregnancy and flabby skin.In men, particularly those who exercise vigorously, the tissue may be fibrous and therefore difficult to remove. In many men, those who consume alcohol, a bulging belly may be because of fat in side abdomen, not in the skin. In heavily built persons, one session may not be enough to remove all the fat. A second session may need to be done after two weeks. Like wise, fat located at the back also may need a separate session. In those with sagging skin and stretch marks, skin tightening may have be achieved by Laser machines and abdominal muscle exercise after surgery. Wearing pressure garment is particularly important in all cases and should be worn from day 3 to 6 weeks after surgery.
It is important to note that flat appearance of the abdomen results from three components:
- Tight skin
- Muscle tone
Of these components, liposuction addresses the issue of fat and to a lesser extent skin tightening; tighter skin further needs skin tightening machines and muscle tone needs exercise.
The abdomen is the commonest area for which liposuction is sought. It is also one area, where in results make a huge impact cosmetically- patients are able to wear dresses of lesser size (usually the loss in inches is 3-5 inches).
Both thighs are done at the same time and therefore this too is a large session. Usually, the outer aspect of the thighs are treated first. Medial (Inner) aspects need more caution as major nerves and vessels run in this area and is therefore done in another session. When thighs are treated, it is usually as a continuation of buttocks. Both buttocks can be done in one session.
Thighs are usually sought by women, who would like to wear pants and tight fitting dresses.The results are quite remarkable and pleasing.
Tumescent liposuction is a very effective method of breast reduction for both women and men with very rapid recovery. Postoperative recovery after liposuction of female and male breasts is very quick, with patients typically able to return to work in one to three days.
Gynaecomastia (male breasts) is a major cosmetic problem in men. It causes embarrassment socially, particularly while wearing tee shirts, swimming, in gymnasium, temples, during pooja etc. Young men in hostels particularly face problems. Previously mastectomy was the only treatment, but this resulted in a huge scar. However, liposuction is an excellent and safe treatment for this problem and all cases can be done in one session. The results are highly impressive and give a huge boost to the morale of the person. The procedure does not alter the shape of the nipple and allows the person to enjoy all outdoor activities.
IN some women, breasts are huge causing shoulder pain, and social embarrassment. Liposuction is a good treatment both for reducing size as well as lifting the sagged breasts. For women liposuction typically reduces the breast size by 35% to 45%, and produces a noticeable elevation or lifting of the breasts. Liposuction elevates the female breasts by removing fat and reducing the weight of the breasts, thus permitting the natural elasticity of breast tissues to contract and give the breast a noticeable lift. Usually, it is done after marriage and having a child as liposuction may remove breast glands and therefore interfere with breast secretion.
Arms can be treated easily by liposuction with excellent results. Care needs to be exerted while doing in the inner aspect as blood vessels and nerves run here.
Double chin can be operated with in about one hour as it is a small area.
Complications are rare in liposuction. If they occur, they are minor, such as bruising, mild pain, mild irregularity in consistency. These are temporary and can easily be treated. A common complication in dark skinned patients is the pigmentation occurring over the area of adits( holes). This occurs due to the friction during frequent movements of the cannule. This too can be prevented by using certain creams after surgery.
Major complications have never occurred in our experience of over 7 years. As stated earlier, it is always to keep in mind safety is important and it is better to remove more fat in two sessions to avoid side effects. All side effects reported have happened when large amounts are taken out; we do not cross 5-6 litres and therefore we have never faced any major side effects.