Follicular unit transplantation consists of using hair units in their naturally occurring pattern. It was discovered by Headington in 1984, that hairs occur in groups of one, two, three or four hairs referred to as Follicular units or bundles. By transplanting hair in this natural pattern, the cosmetic results are better and more natural. Also, the method allows most hairs to be put in smallest sized recipient holes- the so called ‘Snug fit’. For this reason, it is called the “Rolce Royce of hair transplantation”.
What are the advantages of follicular units over mini-micro grafts?
A few years back, mini-micro grafts were the standard method of transplantation.
Mini grafts are groups of 3-5 hair while micro grafts are groups of 1-3 hairs. The main difference from follicular unit transplantation is in the method of dissection. While in follicular unit Transplantation, maximum care is to taken to preserve the natural pattern of grouping and unit structure by using a dissecting microscope or a loupe, mini-micro grafting involves vertical dissection without any consideration for the organization of the units.
What is safe root technique?
This is an important feature of our method. It is well recognized that the most sensitive parts of the hair are the root and the bulge area from where the hair grows. In the safe root technique, this part of the hair is not handled at all, thus preserving the structure of root and ensuring maximum growth of hairs.
Previously, hair transplant sessions used to plant 200 to 500 grafts with about 4 total sessions needed. Mega sessions are long surgical hair transplant sessions(4-6 hours) performed by teams, wherein a large number of grafts are inserted in a single session. Mega sessions allow for the achieving of more graft transplants in less time. One to two mega sessions often produces very cosmetically attractive results. During a session, 2,000 to 2,500 hairs are placed in the patient’s scalp in a 4 to 6 hour span.
How is the procedure performed?
The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, as follows:
- Donor area: Strip 8-10 cm long and 1-1.5 cm wide is taken from occipital (back) scalp.
- The donor area is then sutured with continuous/intermittent suture.
- The donor graft is then dissected into follicular units of 2 hair, 3 hairs and single hair using magnifying lens or microscope.
- The follicular units are then implanted using a special implanters over the recipient area-using the no-touch technique.
- The patient is sent home the same day with a simple dressing.
For understanding steps of the procedure and to see our results, go through our Power Point Presentation.